Travel Myanmar | Bagan
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Fascinating Facts

  • Bagan is typically known as a sea of temples by people across the world. It has the largest and densest concentration of Buddhist temples, pagodas, stupas and ruins in the world.
  • Bagan is a great destination for travellers all year round, so go ahead and plan your vacation whenever you wish.
  • Bagan cuisine is considered to be the true taste of Asia. It combines the best of Indian, Chinese and Thai cuisine.

Fascinating Facts

  • Bagan is typically known as a sea of temples by people across the world. It has the largest and densest concentration of Buddhist temples, pagodas, stupas and ruins in the world.
  • Bagan is a great destination for travellers all year round, so go ahead and plan your vacation whenever you wish.
  • Bagan cuisine is considered to be the true taste of Asia. It combines the best of Indian, Chinese and Thai cuisine.

Bagan

Located in Central Myanmar, only 4 hours away from Mandalay, Bagan is one of the world’s greatest archaeological sites. Visit this amazing historical town hosting more than 2,200 temples big and small. Set amongst thick greenery on the Ayeyarwady river basin with misty mountains at a distance, Bagan will surely enchant you with its mystical appearance. The temples rise above the canopy of trees, presenting a picture-perfect scenery to visitors.

 

Bagan was the first capital of the Pagan Kingdom between the 9th to 13th centuries. More than 10,000 Buddhist temples, pagodas and monasteries were constructed during the most flourishing days of the Kingdom between the 11th to 13th centuries. Today, around 2,200 temples and pagodas still survive and are carefully looked after by the government.

The temples are a part of Bagan Archaeological Zone. They contain carvings, frescos and statues of Buddha, which are certainly mesmerising and fun to explore. Out of the 2,200 sites, only a few are regularly visited. Being the country’s foremost tourist destination, Bagan has innumerable licensed tourist transport services to help tourists enjoy this beautiful site.

 

Apart from the temples, visitors can also enjoy a leisure trip on the Ayeyarwady River, Myanmar’s lifeline. Take a cruise from Mandalay to Bagan and enjoy the riparian vegetation, the soothing river breeze and not to mention the sights and sounds of life along the river. You will also be able to indulge in the fascinating views of Mt. Sagaing, Pakokku, Myingyan and other sites along the way.

History

Chronicles tell that Bagan was founded in 2nd Century AD and fortified in 849 AD by King Pyinbya, a successor of the founder of Bagan. The city was the capital of the Pagan Empire from 1044 to 1287. During this time, the rulers and wealthy subjects constructed over 10,000 religious monuments. The city prospered during this time and grew in size. It was centre for secular and religious studies. The Pagan empire collapsed in 1287.

History

History tells us that Bagan was founded in the 2nd Century AD and fortified in 849AD by King Pyinbya, a successor of the founder of Bagan. The city was the capital of the Pagan Empire from 1044 to 1287. During this time, the rulers and wealthy subjects constructed more than 10,000 religious monuments. The city prospered during this time and grew in size. It was centre for secular and religious studies. The Pagan empire collapsed in 1287.

How To Get There

Bagan is accessible by air from all the major cities of Myanmar. The airport in Bagan is called Nyaung U. The nearest international airports are in Yangon and Mandalay. The flight duration is 1 hour 20 minutes from Yangon and only 20 minutes from Mandalay.

Bagan is well-connected by road with the rest of the country. Regular bus services are available from Mandalay, Yangon and other cities.

Bagan can also be reached by train. Overnight trains run daily from Yangon, departing around 4:00 PM from Yangon and reaching Bagan at around 10:00 AM the next day. There is a train service between Mandalay and Bagan as well and takes around 7 hours to reach.

There is a daily express ferry service from Mandalay to Bagan which leaves at 7:00 AM from Mandalay and takes around 8 hours to reach Bagan. This is one of the most scenic rides and highly recommended in case you have time to spare.

Top Attractions

Bagan is one of the most famous archaeological sites in the world. Explore the ancient monuments of different periods spread all across the city. These monuments stretch over a vast area on the bank of Ayeyarwady river up to the Turintaung range. Although the best way to explore these temples is by foot, a unique idea to enjoy a panoramic view of the Bagan temples is by taking a ride on a hot air balloon. Taking this ride during sunrise and sunset is the icing on the cake and we highly recommend that. Those who are not keen to take a balloon ride need not get disappointed. You can simply climb up to the top terrace of the Bagan viewing tower and enjoy the wide expanse of temples.

 

The town is not only about temples. You should also take a cruise down the Ayeyarwady river and enjoy the scenic sunset. The river, the heartline of Myanmar has breathtaking views which should not be missed. You can also take a boat ride between Mandalay and Bagan and enjoy the view.

 

For the shopaholic, a visit to Bagan is incomplete without visiting the famous Bagan Lacquerware handicraft market and picking up some mementoes. You can also visit factories and get a first-hand experience of palm oil processing and palm sugar (jaggery) production.

Read More

Top Attractions

Bagan is one of the most famous archaeological sites in the world. Explore the ancient monuments of different periods spread all across the city. These monuments stretch over a vast area on the bank of Ayeyarwady river up to the Turintaung range. Although the best way to explore these temples is by foot, a unique way to enjoy a panoramic view of the Bagan temples is by taking a ride in a hot air balloon. Taking this ride during sunrise and sunset is icing on the cake and we highly recommend it. Those who are not keen to take a balloon ride can simply climb to the top terrace of the Bagan viewing tower and enjoy the wide expanse of temples.

 

The town is not only about temples. You should also take a cruise down the Ayeyarwady river and enjoy the scenic sunset. The river, the heartline of Myanmar has breathtaking views that should not be missed. You can also take a boat ride between Mandalay and Bagan and enjoy the view.

 

For the shopaholic, a visit to Bagan is incomplete without visiting the famous Bagan Lacquerware handicraft market and picking up some mementoes. You can also visit factories and get a first-hand experience of palm oil processing and palm sugar (jaggery) production.

Read More

Things To Do

Sunset On The River

End a day of temple exploration with a scenic boat ride on the Ayeyarwady river and enjoy the breathtaking sunset. It will be a perfect way to relax after a busy day. The view will be etched in your mind forever, we promise!

Hot Air Balloon Ride

Enjoy the awe-inspiring view of all the ancient temples of Bagan by flying over them in a hot air balloon. You will be able to see why Bagan is called a Sea of Temples. The surroundings turn into a dreamland when the first golden rays of the rising sun hit the land.

E-Bike Tour

Explore the temples in a fun way by taking a ride on e-bikes. You can take a guided tour and visit the magnificent temples and ruins. From famous to lesser known temples, you will be able to truly absorb the wonders of this ancient land.

Ananda Temple

The famous Ananda temple was built in 1105AD. It is in a cruciform layout surrounded by terraces and a tiny pagoda with a hti on top. Your visit to Bagan will be incomplete without spending quality time exploring Ananda Temple.

Things To Do

Sunset On The River

End a day of temple exploration with a scenic boat ride on the Ayeyarwady river and enjoying the breathtaking sunset. It will be a perfect way to relax after a busy day. The view will be etched in your mind forever, we promise!

Hot Air Balloon Ride

Enjoy the awe-inspiring view of all the ancient temples of Bagan by flying over them in a hot air balloon. This is a once in a lifetime opportunity. The surroundings turn into a dreamland when the first golden rays of the rising sun hit the land.

E-Bike Tour

Explore the temples in a fun way by taking a ride on e-bikes available in Bagan. You can take a guided tour and visit the magnificent temples and ruins. From famous to lesser known temples, you will be able to explore everything.

Ananda Temple

One of the most famous temples of Bagan, Ananda temple was built in 1105 AD and has an amazing layout. It is considered to be an architectural wonder. Your visit to Bagan will be incomplete without spending quality time exploring the Ananda Temple.

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