- Kawthaung is located 2,000 kilometres from the northernmost tip of the country.
- The Thai border is only 20 kilometres away from Kawthaung. Hence, Kawthaung is often used as an entry point to Myanmar by tourists.
- Entry visas and border passes are issued in Kawthaung, usually valid for 28 days.
Located in Tanintharyi Region, Kawthaung is one of the most important towns in southern Myanmar. It was known as Victoria Point from 1824 to 1948. The town shares its border with the Thai town of Ranong in the east, making it a chosen point of entry to Myanmar by many travellers. To the southwest of the town lies the Andaman Sea. The town has a more or less mountainous terrain. Kawthaung enjoys a tropical monsoon climate, being surrounded by the sea. December to March is the best time to visit Kawthaung since it is pretty dry during this time. The town receives extensive rain from May to September.
The entire region around Kawthaung was transferred to the British after the First Anglo-Burmese War (1823–1826). In 1859, Chinese and Thai settlers moved to the region. In 1865, an Arab-Malay group developed around the bay of Victoria Point. The most popular settlement during that time was Maliwan village, located 24 kilometres from Victoria Point. In 1872, a police officer was stationed at Maliwan for the first time. In 1891, the administrative offices were moved to Kawthaung since Maliwan was located beside a small creek and it was difficult for large vessels to make their way to the town.