Located 190 kilometres west of Yangon is Myanmar’s fifth largest city and the largest city of the Ayeyarwady Delta Region – Pathein. It is a laid-back riverside town accessible by large vessels from the ocean. Hence, it is an important port of the country. The city’s name is derived from Pathi, which means Muslim in the local language. Historically, the region had a large population of Arab and Indian traders, which is the reason for this name. The British changed the name to Bassein during colonial times. They also built a fort in 1826, after the First Anglo-Burmese War.